Ultimate Herbals Guide: Red Clover

Ultimate Herbals Guide: Red Clover

Red Clover: Your Herb Guide

What is Red Clover?

This Herb Guide provides everything you need to know about the herb red clover – it’s common names, how and why it’s used, whether it works and what it works for best, research conducted, and the potential side effects and cautions.

Generally, an herb is a plant or part of a plant used for its flavor, scent, or potential therapeutic properties, and includes the flowers, leaves, bark, fruit, seeds, stems, and roots of the herb.

Like peas and beans, red clover belongs to the family of plants called legumes. Red clover contains phytoestrogens-compounds similar to the female hormone estrogen.

Common Names - red clover, cow clover, meadow clover, wild clover

Latin Name - Trifolium pratense

What is red clover used for?
  • Historically, red clover has been used for cancer and respiratory problems, such as whooping cough, asthma, and bronchitis.
  • Current uses of red clover are for menopausal symptoms, breast pain associated with menstrual cycles, high cholesterol, osteoporosis, and symptoms of prostate enlargement.
How is red clover used?

The flowering tops of the red clover plant are used to prepare extracts available in tablets and capsules, as well as in teas and liquid forms.

What the Science Says

Has red clover been proven to work?
  • Although several small studies of red clover for menopausal symptoms had mixed results, a large study found that red clover had no beneficial effects on menopausal symptoms.
  • There is not enough scientific evidence to determine whether red clover is effective for any other health conditions.
  • The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) is studying red clover to learn more about its active components and how they might work in the body. They are conducting a clinical trial investigating the safety and effectiveness of red clover for menopausal symptoms.

Side Effects and Cautions

What should I be careful of while supplementing my diet with red clover ?
  • Red clover seems to be safe for most adults when used for short periods of time. No serious adverse effects have been reported.
  • Because red clover contains estrogen-like compounds, there is a possibility that its long-term use would increase the risk of women developing cancer of the lining of the uterus. However, studies to date have been too brief (less than 6 months) to evaluate whether red clover has estrogen-like effects on the uterus.
  • It is unclear whether red clover is safe for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, or who have breast cancer or other hormone-sensitive cancers.
  • Tell your health care providers about any complementary and alternative practices you use. Give them a full picture of what you do to manage your health. This will help ensure coordinated and safe care.

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