What is Hypertension and Hypotension

What is Hypertension and Hypotension

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a disease in which blood pressure or high BP in the artery. High blood pressure can lead to ongoing heart attack, stroke, heart failure and aneurysms. Elevated BP can shorten the life expectancy of a person. There are two types of hypertension, essential hypertension and secondary hypertension.

Essential hypertension causes include lack of regular physical activity, lifestyle, age and genetics. Lack of movement or what is medically known as a lifestyle, or at most, a couch potato means a lot to contribute in the etiology of hypertension. It is characterized by for most of the day with very little training or inactive. This includes watching television, computer and reading.

It can also lead to complications such as obesity, where blockage of blood vessels, which also causes high blood pressure. Lifestyle can also be a cause of hypertension, if they drink too much alcohol and smoke a lot. Most people aged 50 years or older are generally higher than in young people BP This makes them more susceptible to hypertension. High blood pressure can also be inherited.

Secondary hypertension is somewhat different, because the cause is not known or difficult to identify many of the results for this state. This is the result of an imbalance of certain glands, the hormones that regulate the plasma and the liver produces. Other causes are renal anomalies, preeclampsia during pregnancy, birth defects and use of some prescription medications and illicit drugs. Hypertension and secondary hypertension symptoms are dizziness, vomiting, nausea, blurred vision and drowsiness.

Hypotension is the opposite of hypertension. It is a condition in which blood pressure is lower than normal. There are several causes of hypotension was low, and the most common are hypovolemia or reduced blood volume. Hypovolemia can be caused by blood loss, inadequate fluid intake from hunger or too much fluid loss through vomiting or diarrhea. Reduce cardiac output of blood can also cause hypotension, because the body is not sufficient supply of blood. Low BP symptoms including dizziness, chest pain and shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, headache and fever higher than 38.5 degrees Celsius.

Hypertension and hypotension-called silent killers because they at any time, why it is important to continuously monitor blood pressure can strike. It is possible to go to some local drugstore, because some of them have a blood pressure monitor.

Visit your doctor regularly, you must monitor your BP. Or you can buy to monitor a blood pressure monitor BP itself or the device. There are different types of blood pressure monitoring; guide to conduct the training, which can be digitally operated by any person and require anywhere, even in noisy environments and finger portable digital blood pressure monitor. Whatever the method chosen, one should make sure to monitor your blood pressure.

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